Vascular dysfunction during sepsis
Oct. 25, 2022—Regulation of the enzyme Sirtuin 1 in blood vessel endothelial cells may drive altered metabolism and vascular dysfunction during sepsis, Vanderbilt researchers have discovered.
Metabolic signatures of Type 2 diabetes risk
Oct. 24, 2022—Vanderbilt epidemiologists found 32 blood metabolites associated with obesity and showed that adding these to traditional disease prediction models improves accuracy of determining Type 2 diabetes risk.
New target for lung fibrosis
Oct. 20, 2022—Blocking thromboxane-prostanoid receptor signaling protected animals from lung fibrosis in preclinical models, suggesting a new treatment for IPF — a chronic, progressive lung disorder that often kills within 3-5 years of diagnosis.
Aging beta cells hasten Type 2 diabetes
Oct. 20, 2022—Vanderbilt investigators have found that aging induces chronic cellular stress in pancreatic beta cells, which could contribute to the development of diabetes as we age.
Skin pigment affects oxygen monitor
Oct. 11, 2022—Black patients in the ICU were more likely to have low or high blood oxygen levels than white patients, even when a pulse oximeter indicated 92-96% oxygen saturation, Vanderbilt researchers found.
Opening a window to glaucoma
Oct. 10, 2022—A metalloprotease enzyme plays an important role in retinal ganglion cell development, Vanderbilt researchers discovered; studying it and other family members may lead to the identification of novel targets for treating glaucoma.
Gene tied to childhood epilepsy
Oct. 6, 2022—Data drawn from four unrelated patients with a childhood epilepsy syndrome — and from in vitro and in vivo studies — link novel variants in a GABA transporter gene to seizure activity, Vanderbilt researchers reported.
Stress, obesity and food intake
Oct. 6, 2022—Vanderbilt researchers are elucidating the neuronal pathways that contribute to food consumption in response to stress — “comfort feeding” — and how they differ in males versus females and in the context of obesity.
Diagnostic biomarker for bone disorder
Sep. 27, 2022—A urine chemical performs better as a diagnostic biomarker for the soft bone disease hypophosphatasia than other laboratory measures, Vanderbilt researchers have demonstrated.
Gender differences with bladder pain
Sep. 26, 2022—Gender differences in the pain experiences and treatment needs of people with a urologic pain syndrome could be used to improve interventions, Vanderbilt researchers report.
Reduced exercise capacity in ICU survivors
Sep. 22, 2022—ICU survivors who have impaired exercise capacity months after discharge may have damaged muscle mitochondria — the energy powerhouses of the cell, Vanderbilt researchers propose.
Nerve cells and cancer progression
Sep. 22, 2022—Immature nerves and neural precursor cells increase in density as a type of premalignant tumor in the pancreas progresses to invasive disease, suggesting that blocking these cells may arrest malignant progression.