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NIH Archives

COVID-19 battle begins in the nose

Feb. 2, 2023—A high upper airway concentration of the virus that causes COVID-19 was associated with changes in gene expression that could impact disease progression, Vanderbilt researchers discovered.

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Nutrient absorption disease model

Feb. 2, 2023—Vanderbilt researchers developed a model of a patient-specific mutation to explore the pathology of microvillus inclusion disease, a genetic disorder that causes life-threatening diarrhea.

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Study finds heart failure risk higher in rural areas

Jan. 25, 2023—A study co-led by Vanderbilt researchers found heart failure risk is 19% higher for adults living in rural areas of the U.S., as compared to urban areas, and 34% higher for Black men living in rural areas.

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How arterial “stiffness” may impair cognition

Jan. 24, 2023—New findings from Vanderbilt neurologists suggest that cardiovascular disease may increase the spaces surrounding blood vessels in the brain and lead to cognitive decline.

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Machine learning predicts delirium

Jan. 23, 2023—Using machine learning based on electronic health records of ICU patients predicted new-onset delirium with 82% sensitivity, Vanderbilt researchers found.

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Is drinking tea good for your gut?

Jan. 19, 2023—Microbiome profiling of older Chinese adults showed that tea drinking changed the diversity and abundance of some bacteria in men but not women — effects that may contribute to a reduced risk of hypertension.

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Low potassium injures kidney

Jan. 19, 2023—Vanderbilt researchers have discovered that low dietary potassium causes direct kidney injury, suggesting potential new targets for treating chronic kidney disease.

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Study identifies potential new approach for treating lupus

Jan. 13, 2023—A Vanderbilt study found that targeting iron metabolism in immune system cells may offer a new approach for treating systemic lupus erythematosus — the most common form of the chronic autoimmune disease lupus.

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Federally funded studies into treatment for chronic conditions overlook efficacy in adults with autism, analysis finds

Jan. 13, 2023—Physical health disparity conditions in autistic adults have not been the focus of any research funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the last four decades, an analysis of a federal database found.

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Anti-nausea drug response in children

Jan. 10, 2023—Genetic variation in a metabolic enzyme was not associated with response to the anti-nausea drug odansetron in children, Vanderbilt researchers report.

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Novel lung cancer biomarker

Jan. 9, 2023—Autoantibodies against the p53 tumor suppressor protein may be a novel biomarker for identifying people, especially African Americans, at high risk for lung cancer.

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Early effects of Huntington disease

Jan. 6, 2023—Impairments in brain executive function happen earlier than motor symptoms in people with the gene mutation that causes Huntington disease, suggesting younger ages and cognitive symptoms be considered for any future clinical trials.

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