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pathology microbiology and immunology Archives

How bugs overcome host defenses

Apr. 11, 2019—Vanderbilt researchers led by Eric Skaar are probing the mechanisms bacteria use when faced with nutrient starvation — a host defense strategy called “nutritional immunity.”

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VUMC-led team ‘sprints’ to develop Zika virus treatment

Apr. 11, 2019—In January scientists at Vanderbilt University Medical Center and colleagues in Boston, Seattle and St. Louis were given an audacious goal to develop — in 90 days — a protective antibody-based treatment that potentially will stop the spread of the Zika virus.

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Cancer prevention drug also disables H. pylori bacterium

Mar. 28, 2019—A medicine currently being tested as a chemoprevention agent for multiple types of cancer has more than one trick in its bag when it comes to preventing stomach cancer, Vanderbilt researchers have discovered.

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Research shows frogs can adapt to traffic noise

Feb. 21, 2019—Frogs don’t like living near noisy highways any better than people do, but research from Vanderbilt suggests that frogs, like hardened city-dwellers, can learn to adapt to the constant din of rumbling trucks, rolling tires and honking horns.

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Probing H. pylori cancer protein

Feb. 14, 2019—Understanding how a bacterial protein that influences the risk of stomach cancer is produced could guide new strategies for treatment.

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Destructive ‘telegrams’ in asthma

Jan. 31, 2019—Vanderbilt investigators have discovered that certain microRNAs — "telegram"-like signals — increase after the induction of allergic airway inflammation.

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Designing antibodies to fight the flu

Jan. 31, 2019—Vanderbilt investigators said their work shows that computational design can improve the ability of naturally occurring antibodies to recognize different flu strains and may hasten the development of more effective flu therapies and vaccines.

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Pain relievers a risk for C. diff?

Jan. 17, 2019—A link between anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and C. diff infection suggests caution against overusing such drugs in patients at high risk for infection.

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RNA processing and antiviral immunity

Dec. 13, 2018—John Karijolich and colleagues have discovered a link between cellular RNA processing and the innate cellular immune response to viral pathogens.

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Discovery could lead to neutralizing West Nile virus

Dec. 6, 2018—Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center and colleagues have isolated a human monoclonal antibody that can “neutralize” the West Nile virus and potentially prevent a leading cause of viral encephalitis (brain inflammation) in the United States.

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Team’s findings show glutamine metabolism affects T cell signaling

Nov. 1, 2018—The cellular nutrient glutamine launches a metabolic signaling pathway that promotes the function of some immune system T cells and suppresses others, Vanderbilt researchers have discovered.

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Rubin receives alumni award from Weill Cornell

Nov. 1, 2018—Donald Rubin, MD, professor of Medicine and Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology at Vanderbilt, has received the alumni award for special achievement from his alma mater, the Weill Cornell Medical College in New York City.

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